"The Knife Grinder" is a cubo-futurist painting by the Russian artist Kazimir Malevich. M. MALEVICH, Kazimir. Quite alike in composition and theme to The Knife Grinder (Principle Glittering) and painted in the same timeframe, Malevich’s Woman with Pails: Dynamic Arrangement is a further example of the artist’s Cubo-Futurist period. Similar Designs More from This Artist. Undeterred, he continued his studies at Ivan Rerberg’s studio, exhibiting frequently at the Moscow Community of Painters (1907–1909) . May 22, 2013 - WetCanvas, your forum for connecting with visual artists around the world. Similar Designs More from This Artist. The human is in a constant state of movement; the person is either repeatedly inspecting his progress on the knife, and, dismayed by the fact that it is not yet sharp enough, once more starts busily peddling the machine, is simply applying the blade to the machine in a fragmentary way, as though he were a novice, or is only shown carefully putting the blade to the sharpener in slow motion. Dec 14, 2020 - ‘The Knife Grinder’ was created in 1912 by Kazimir Malevich in Cubo-Futurism style. More Malevich Suprematist Artwork Oil on Canvas Artwork Made in 1916. Cubo-Futurism was the main school of painting and sculpture practiced by the Russian Futurists. Creator: Malevich, Kazimir, Russian, 1878-1935 Title: Knife Grinder Date: 1912-1913. Environmental regulation benefits for whom? Male… New Haven: Yale University Art Gallery. Copyright © 2021 Society of Occupational Medicine. Check out our frame grinder selection for the very best in unique or custom, handmade pieces from our shops. During this period the painter also explored the poetics of the absurd and the illogical grotesque (“An Englishman in Moscow,” “The Aviator”). The image is available via Institutional Open Content. Item no. Malevich set out to change forever the idea that painting has to represent reality. 535171 01/01/1967 Reproduction of "Grinder" ("Principle of Glittering") painting by artist Kasimir Malevich. The work of K. Malevich “Grinder” today is a classic work of this new “-ism” of the XX century. See more ideas about kazimir malevich, malevich, suprematism. Repeatedly overdrawn outlines impart a cinematic sense of movement, mechanical vibration and dynamic rhythm which meld into the dense abstract industrial background as man, machine and manufactory are fused into one giant system. Find many great new & used options and get the best deals for Kazimir Malevich - The Knife Grinder Bauhaus Poster Print (36x24in) #125973 at the best online prices at … Choose your favorite malevich designs and purchase them as wall art, home decor, phone cases, tote bags, and more! In 1921, Malevich and his followers would move to Petrograd to further their ideas there. In the current state of economic uncertainty, the old English adage ‘keeping one’s nose to the grindstone’ might be more appropriate than the US constitutional pursuit of happiness, a laudable but unworldly concept, which provokes the less than polite Russian observation that ‘a person who smiles a lot is either a fool or an American’ . Mike McKiernan, Kazimir Malevich, The Knife Grinder (The Glittering Edge) 1912–13, Occupational Medicine, Volume 64, Issue 5, July 2014, Pages 317–318, https://doi.org/10.1093/occmed/kqu065. Buy Kazimir Malevich - Tochil'schik Printsip Mel'kaniia, 1913 (The Knife Grinder (The Glittering Edge)), Art by Kazimir Malevich as Digital Prints & Canvas Prints. Grinder is one of artworks by Kazimir Malevich. Malevich. Kazimir Malevich, The Knife Grinder (Principle of Glittering) (1912-13), oil on canvas, 79.534 cm × 79.534 cm, Yale University Art Gallery. Customize your russian futurism print with hundreds of … There has never been a better year to look at the work of Kazimir Malevich, a pioneer of abstract art often seen as the greatest Russian painter of the twentieth century. $16. Malevich, however, was fired with the desire `to free art … If Kazimir Malevich The Knife Grinder is printed by machine on textured canvas, it takes about 5 working days to your address; if you choose it as hand painted reproduction, it takes about 18 working days to your address. The representation of movement and speed associated with Futurism is present, as well as the machinery and modernism as the theme and subject. 1879–1935. Behind him on the left are some vases atop shelves and a table and possibly one or two metal pipes, whilst on the right are unclear grey objects (possibly buildings), implying that the person is a professional knife grinder in their workshop; a small staircase may also be observed at the bottom right corner. Heterogeneous effects of the intensity of the environmental regulation on employment in China. Italian Town by the Sea, 1917 Poster. Cubo-Futurism (also called Russian Futurism or Kubo-Futurizm) was an art movement that arose in early 20th century Russia, defined by its amalgamation of the artistic elements found in Italian Futurism and French Analytical Cubism. Kazimir Malevich, the Knife Grinder (the Glittering Edge) 1912-13. 100% Guarantee & FREE Global Shipping. Kazimir Malevich: Knife Grinder (Principle of Glittering), 1912–1913. White Suprematist Cross Poster. New York: Museum of Modern Art. Rest of the world Style: Art/Photography/Abstract Painting. His parents fled to Kiev in the aftermath of the failed January Uprising of 1863 of the Poles against the tsarist army. The Knife-Grinder, after all, shows not a machine’s labor, but the power of human strength engaging with an archaic grinding tool; After the Snowstorm embraces Russian village life, with peasant women of the village persevering in their daily tasks even after severe weather. Kazimir Malevich (1878-1935) was a Polish-Russian painter and a major figure in the development of abstract art. This article is about the painting by Kazimir Malevich. That’s what makes the Black Square a radical thing, however you look at it. Yet the UN recently held an International Day of Happiness to promote social, economic and environmental welfare  in the heuristic belief that well-being at work (WAW)  may deliver improved productivity as well as better public health . The Knife Grinder or 'Principle of Glittering' 1912-1913. Until recently it was believed that Malevich had hastily painted a simple black square. Malevich, Kazimir [Малевич, Казимир; Malevič], b 23 February 1878 in Kyiv, d 15 May 1935 in Leningrad. This painting was created by Malevich in his earlier career, when his paintings were still representational and he … Shavings of metal are suggested by chunks of green around the grinder's face and hands. $14. More from Kazimir Malevich. Enlightened employers wishing to pursue the ‘Devil’s music’ might find the Miles Davis Quintet’s 1956 album Workin’  the ideal vehicle with which to ‘break down barriers and create opportunities for mutual understanding and tolerance’ . Kazimir Malevich. The Knife Grinder (Principle of Glittering) A kindred Cubo-Futurist Malevich work, The Knife Grinder (Principle of Glittering) is situated at the Yale University Art Gallery in New Haven, Connecticut. It furthers the University's objective of excellence in research, scholarship, and education by publishing worldwide, This PDF is available to Subscribers Only. In 1934, diagnosed with cancer he began to plan his own funeral. Each year, the UN promotes 54 such International Days including an International Jazz Day. Nov 14, 2014 - Explore The Ginger Pot's board "Kazimir Malevich", followed by 949 people on Pinterest. The image is available via Institutional Open Content. For Permissions, please email: email@example.com, Mental health of staff working in intensive care during COVID-19. Title: The Knife Grinder Principle of Glittering, 1913. He started painting aged 12 and for a brief period attended the Kiev School of Art . Size: 80 x 80 cm (31.5 x 31.5") Oil Painting on Canvas Choose Painting Size (Height x Width) Proportions will be maintained 80 x 80 cm (31.5 x 31.5") = $299. Multiple sizes available. Following the 1917 Revolution, the Soviet government encouraged Russia’s leading artists to take up prominent administrative and academic positions and in 1919 Malevich, by now one of the country’s pre-eminent avant-garde artists, left Moscow to teach at the Vitebsk Popular Art School (Belarus) replacing Marc Chagall. Kazimir Malevich - The Knife Grinder Principle of Glittering, 1913. $16. Kazimir Malevich: The Knife Grinder (Principle of Glittering), 1912–1913. Is Dupuytren’s disease an occupational illness? The Knife Grinder Kazimir Malevich. House under construction 1915-1916. Painting Picture. Subject Matter- The subject matter, as with many paintings in this style, is of a mundane task. Later, he became director at the State Institute of Artistic Culture (1922). By vakashop. Museum quality hand-painted Kazimir Malevich replica canvas. The Knife Grinder hails the start of a new industrial age where working people will be masters of the world and Malevich uses his 20th century Cubo-Futurist interpretation (oil on canvas 79.5×79.5cm) of a humble rustic 19th century peasant occupation to celebrate the symbolic passing of the old to the new. Custom Frames & Sizes. An extraordinary kaleidoscope of metallic colours, like multiple reflections in a broken mirror—this confusing jumble of repetitive, shimmering, geometric shapes slowly unravels to reveal a complex dynamic scene of human motion and energy. Kazimir Malevich. Sharper vision Colonial Saw now offers the CK 500 Circular Knife Grinder , manufactured by Businaro in Italy. Kazimir Malevich. Shop for russian futurism art prints from our community of independent artists and iconic brands. 1. The Knife Grinder-Principle of Glittering by Kasimir Malevich is a 100% hand-painted oil painting reproduction on canvas painted by one of our professional artists. Kazimir Severonic Malevich was born near Kiev, Ukraine (1878) the first of 14 children, of whom only 9 survived. This Kazimir Malevich The … The artwork is typical of Malevich's other paintings, in that the subject matter is of a person generally overlooked by society. Kazimir Malevich . Kazimir Malevich Fine Art Print, Soviet Art, Suprematist Abstract, The Knife Grinder Kazimir Severinovich Malevich (February 23 1879 – May 15, 1935) was a Russian avant-garde artist and art theorist, whose pioneering work and writing had a profound influence on the development of non-objective, or Malevich vs. the Knife Grinder; Futurism as a Whole; Feldman's Method; Lesson Plan; Capturing Motion through Gesture Drawing; Lesson Plan; Exploring Our Future; Painting Technology; Lesson Plan ; Assessment; Appendix; Resources for Teachers; Resources for Students; Materials; Futurism: Capturing Modern Technology. Painter, designer, and theorist.He studied at the Kyiv Drawing School (1895–7), the Moscow School of Painting, Sculpture, and Architecture (1904–5), and F. Rerberg's studio in Moscow (1905–10). The Knife Grinder. Malevich referred to it as the “zero point of painting” which he described at the time as "I transformed myself in the zero of form and emerged from nothing to creation.” The white background emphasizes nothingness. As of 2014 it is in the collection of the Yale University Art Gallery in New … Not quite cubism, it was a method of portraying object via geometric shapes. SPECIAL ADVISORY: In accordance with Yale University’s revised COVID-19 protocols, the Yale University Art Gallery will close to the public beginning Friday, October 16, 2020. So, from this simplest of visions comes the complexity of human experience. Kazimir Malevich was the founder of the artistic and philosophical school of Suprematism, and his ideas about forms and meaning in art would eventually constitute the theoretical underpinnings of non-objective, or abstract, art. , The artwork is typical of Malevich's other paintings, in that the subject matter is of a person generally overlooked by society.. It as if gives a hint about what the artist wanted to achieve and what he tried to convey to the viewer. Kazimir Malevich produced several pictures of peasants working at various tasks, but this is his only surviving machine subject. Thank you, you'll hear from us when we launch. Kestner Portfolio, Proun 6 El Lissitzky, 1923. Artist. Dune 1 Piet Mondrian, 1909. Alexandra Exter. Formal Analysis of The Knife Grinder (1912-13) 5/21/20. Black Square 1915. It would be another 27 years before his work would reappear in Russia. Sara E. Thomas. $13. Tate Modern Exhibition. Malevich: Knife Grinder, 1912-13 Challenging the "Logic" of Cubism: alogic; zaum Malevich believed that cubism failed because the viewer could not succeed in bringing the fractured images into a visual unity and so the depicted object became incomprehensible. For the painting by Francisco de Goya, see, "Kazimir Malevich, The Knife Grinder (The Glittering Edge) 1912–13", "Tochil'schik Printsip Mel'kaniia (The Knife Grinder or Principle of Glittering)", Estorick Collection of Modern Italian Art, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=The_Knifegrinder&oldid=997652013, Paintings in the Yale University Art Gallery, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles containing Russian-language text, Articles containing potentially dated statements from 2014, All articles containing potentially dated statements, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, 79.534 cm × 79.534 cm (31.3125 in × 31.3125 in), Yale University Art Gallery, New Haven, Connecticut, United States, This page was last edited on 1 January 2021, at 16:11. Woman Before an Advertising Column. He was ‘sacked’ as director (1926) for ‘counterrevolutionary sermonizing’, dismissed from the Institute and briefly jailed as a German spy (1930) . We haven't opened yet, but somehow you found us. The Picture Gallery of Yale University. In 1941, it was given to the Yale University Art Gallery by the Collection Société Anonyme. … Kazimir Malevich, The Knife Grinder, early 20th Century Malevich, Suprematist Painting: Eight Red Rectangles, early 20th Century Malevich, Suprematist Composition: Airplane Flying 2014 Jul;64(5):317-8. doi: 10.1093/occmed/kqu065. The colours blue, green and silver are dominant in the painting; other colours used are orange, yellow, brown and crimson. Join the list for early access. Stress and Anxiety among Healthcare Workers Associated with COVID-19 Pandemic in Russia. Feb 8, 2014 - One of the pioneers of abstract art, Malevich was a central figure in a succession of avant-garde movements during the period of the Russian revolutions of 1905 and 1917 and immediately after. They reflect the range of artistic influences on the country's culture, including indigenous forms of the arts, and how these influences have honed the country's arts. Note: This electronic record was created from historic documentation that does not necessarily reflect the Yale University Art Gallery’s complete or current knowledge about the object. Learn More Woman with Water Pails. Born Kazimierz Malewicz to a Polish family living in Kiev. The metallic palette was probably chosen to emphasise the violent manner in which the shavings and knife glitter. Artwork analysis, large resolution images, user comments, interesting facts and much more. KlÃ¼ver-Bucy Syndrome after a Head Trauma in Conditions of Child Abuse and Neglect. The Dynamism is a fair amount different but also more similar as where the portrait of Daniel is a line … Malevich' s close friend and collaborator at the time, Mikhail Matiushin, believed that human beings could be trained to see differently or could evolve, for example, so that "the colour-receiving cones would spread from the centre of the retina to its periphery. 80 cm 80 cm Enlarge Painting The Knife Grinder . His parents fled to Kiev in the aftermath of the failed January Uprising of 1863 of the Poles against the tsarist army. 535171 01/01/1967 Reproduction of "Grinder" ("Principle of Glittering") painting by artist Kasimir Malevich. 1912. His foot, hand, and knife appear in multiple positions to convey motion in time. The Knife Grinder By Kazimir Malevich. Customize your russian futurism print with hundreds of … Oxford University Press is a department of the University of Oxford. It lives at the Yale University Art Gallery in the United States. Born Kazimierz Malewicz to a Polish family living in Kiev. It lives at the Yale University Art Gallery in the United States. There has never been a better year to look at the work of Kazimir Malevich, a pioneer of abstract art often seen as the greatest Russian painter of the twentieth century. The work – which in between its interconnected abstract, geometric shapes and cool, metallic tones reveals a peasant woman toiling away – had been on extended loan to the Museum of … Malevich and the Liberation of Art 1 Introduction At the end of the nineteenth century and the beginning of the twentieth, in face of the rapid advance of technological innovations in the media of cultural production, painting, in particular among the visual arts, sought … Occup Med (Lond). It is acid free and specially developed for our giclee print platforms. But if works like Malevich's The Knife-Grinder (1913) wear the influence of Cubism on their sleeve, Rozanova's Cubo-Futurist aesthetic was unusual in its relative lack of reliance on French models, and for its unique affinity with contemporary Italian painting. We ship all over the world. Left Right. Find more prominent pieces of genre painting at Wikiart.org – best visual art database. The Knife Grinder. Kasimir MALEVICH (1878–1935). Self-Portrait • 1910. That year, one of his cubist works The Knife Grinder (1913) and four of his suprematist works would be shown at an exhibition of Russian art in Berlin. Shop for russian futurism art prints from our community of independent artists and iconic brands. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of the Society of Occupational Medicine. Choose from multiple sizes and hundreds of … Morning in the Village after Snowstorm is a perfect example of Russian Cubo-Futurism. Matyushin’s quote had also included the comment, “The faster you move near a thick garden lattice, the more clearly you see the general mass behind it,” and Malevich had demonstrated his own interest in the idea of “flickering” in the subtitle of his 1912 painting The Knife Grinder: Principle of Flickering (Yale University Art Gallery). The central figure, a moustached man in a peaked cap, crouches over a pale blue, rotating, grinding wheel. The Knife Grinder by Kasimir Malevich Also known as: Principle of Glittering An extraordinary kaleidoscope of metallic colours, like multiple reflections in a broken mirror—this confusing jumble of repetitive, shimmering, geometric shapes slowly unravels to reveal a complex dynamic scene of human motion and energy. He espoused the aesthetic and moral superiority of his ‘new’ art, which he called ‘unobjective creativity’ . Using a CNC knife grinder, cross cutting blades are precision ground to insure parallelism and edge retention, manually de-burred and then honed to a mirror smoothness. His works of the 1910s – like “The Knife Grinder (Principle of Glittering)” and “The Woodcutter” were marked by cubo-futurism. The Knife Grinderdepicts a man pumping a sharpening wheel as he works. More ... Kazimir Malevich Famous works. We utilize only the finest oil paints and high quality artist-grade canvas to ensure the most vivid color. The Knifegrinder or Principle of Glittering (Russian: Точильщик, Tochil'schik Printsip Mel'kaniia), also called The Knifegrinder (The Glittering Edge) and sometimes shortened to simply The Knifegrinder, is a 1912-13 cubo-futurist painting by Russian artist Kazimir Malevich, hence the fragmentation of form associated with futurism as well as the abstract geometry related to cubism. The Knife Grinder’s shapes are very solid and each shape is both a representation and a thing by itself. All rights reserved. His right hand grips a blue/grey knife, while his left guides the blade forward into contact with the sandstone as his legs pump the grinding wheel into action. Although Malevich’s paintings are often in the first category, this painting does have some elements of social awareness. All prints are professionally printed, packaged, and shipped within 3 - 4 business days. Now he is generally recognized as a pioneer of geometric abstract art and the originator of the Suprematist art movement. His depiction of Russian peasants, trudging through a snowstorm, five years before the Russian Revolution, cannot be a mere coincidence. Jul 3, 2020 - Explore Nathan L's board "Kazimir Malevich - Suprematism" on Pinterest. Tools for this guide: Guide Entry to 09.02.02. Free Shipping. Shop for malevich art from the world's greatest living artists. Arts in the Philippines refer to all the various forms of the arts that have developed and accumulated in the Philippines from the beginning of civilization in the country up to the present era. Kasimir MALEVICH (1878–1935). He designed the coffin, which would be decor ated with a black square at the head and a black circle at the foot and subsequently carried on a lorry through the streets of Leningrad (St. Petersburg) before being taken by train to Moscow for cremation (1935). Each russian futurism art print is produced using archival inks, ships within 48 hours, and comes with a 30-day money back guarantee! Join waiting list. The Impact of Coronavirus (SARS-CoV2) Epidemic on Individuals Mental Health: The Protective Measures of Pakistan in Managing and Sustaining Transmissible Disease. Kazimir Malevich, The Knifegrinder, 1912 Kazimir Malevich (1878-1935) was a Polish-Russian painter and a major figure in the development of abstract art. Similar Designs More from This Artist. Aug 1, 2013 - Kasimir Malevich Soldier of the First Division 1914; Oil and collage on canvas, 53.6 x 44.8 cm (21 1/8 x 17 5/8 in) It blends the Cubist components of geometry and fracture with the innovative vitality of Futurism. His work is much sought after and while Knife Grinder originally sold for a meagre $40 US , his later painting Suprematist Composition (1916) recently reached a dizzying $60 US million . Premium Thick-Wrap Canvas entitled The Knife Grinder, 1912-13. Mikhail Kuleshov/RIA Novosti Our proprietary canvas provides a classic and distinctive texture. Supremus No.50, 1915 Poster. Artist: Kazimir Malevich . It contains both the fragmententation of form associated with futurism as well as abstract geometry related to cubism. After his death, Malevich became largely forgotten and his ideas suppressed. The Knife Grinder or 'Principle of Glittering' is a Cubist Oil on Canvas Painting created by Kazimir Malevich from 1912 to 1913. Self-portrait 1910-1911. Welcome To Arthur Arthur is a digital museum. Over the next 4 years, his style radically changed from the Cubo-Futurism of The Knife Grinder to the totally abstract suprematism of the Black Square . $13. Cubists influences are also present, with the incorporation of abstract geometry and the use of contrasting colours. As of 2014[update], it is in the collection of the Yale University Art Gallery in New Haven, Connecticut.. E-Facts 76, Well-being at work—overview and perspective, © The Author 2014. May 24, 2016 - Explore Brent Woo's board "Suprematisim" on Pinterest. https://www.coursehero.com/file/7140890/21-Russian-Suprematism The Knife Grinder or Principle of Glittering Poster. Kazimir Malevich: Knife Grinder (Principle of Glittering), 1912–1913. He began working in an unexceptional Post-Impressionist manner, but by 1912 he was painting peasant subjects in a massive `tubular' style similar to that of Léger as well as pictures combining the fragmentation of form of Cubism with the multiplication of the image of Futurism (The Knife Grinder, Yale Univ. , with the innovative vitality of futurism futurism is present, with the innovative vitality of futurism diagnosed... This simplest of visions comes the complexity of human experience Malevich, Malevich! Pieces of genre painting at Wikiart.org – best visual art database Malevich designs and purchase them as wall art home. Man operating the simple portable sharpening device by which he earned his living Malevich from to. Convey to the viewer ( 1912-13 ) 5/21/20 x 35.0 '' ) painting by artist Kasimir Malevich pumping sharpening! This guide: guide Entry to 09.02.02 1941, it was given the! Aftermath of the failed January Uprising of 1863 of the intensity of the Poles the. Be revolutionary visual artists around the world now offers the CK 500 Knife... Canvas provides a classic work of K. Malevich “ Grinder ” today is a Cubist Oil on painting... Of 1863 of the XX century a Cubist Oil on Canvas painting created by Kazimir Malevich: the Protective of! Pandemic in Russia and for a brief period attended the Kiev school of painting and sculpture practiced the! The Cubist components of geometry and the use of contrasting colours we have n't opened yet but! The Cubist components of geometry and the originator of the failed January of! Is about the painting shows a man operating the simple portable sharpening by. Practiced by the Collection Société Anonyme but somehow you found us in 1912 by Kazimir Malevich from to. Years later, the figure of the Poles against the tsarist army earned living. Nathan L 's board `` Suprematisim '' on Pinterest, packaged, more... Russian Futurists use of contrasting colours promotes 54 such International Days including an International Day. Art, which he called ‘ unobjective creativity ’ [ 2 ] would be displayed in Amsterdam by which earned. In Conditions of Child Abuse and Neglect 500 Circular Knife Grinder Principle of )... Customize your russian futurism art prints from our community of independent artists and brands! Was the main school of painting and sculpture practiced by the russian Revolution, can not be mere... And fracture with the innovative vitality of futurism 14 children, of whom only 9 survived in the of! “ the Principle of flickering ” believed that Malevich had hastily painted a simple Black a... His parents fled to Kiev in the aftermath of the picture – “ the of! Both the fragmententation of form associated with COVID-19 Pandemic in Russia facts and much more and the of!, ships within 48 hours and includes a 30-day money back guarantee Malevich “ ”! In Kiev ‘ the Knife Grinder ’ was created in 1912 by Kazimir Malevich - Suprematism '' on Pinterest Disease! And arranged to create repeating abstract patterns around the Grinder 's face and.... The Village after Snowstorm is a department of the University of Oxford “ Grinder ” today a... Classic work of this new “ -ism ” of the XX century in Italy cm 80 cm painting! Of peasants working at various tasks, but simultaneously was harsh and unpleasant displayed in Amsterdam 01/01/1967 Reproduction ``. Printed, packaged, and comes with a 30-day money back guarantee environmental regulation on in. ( SARS-CoV2 ) Epidemic on Individuals Mental health: the Protective Measures of Pakistan in Managing and Sustaining Disease. The society of Occupational Medicine against the tsarist army International Days including an International Jazz Day attended the Kiev of! Simplified into geometric shapes russian peasants, trudging through a Snowstorm, five years his. Pandemic in Russia from 1912 to 1913 Square a radical thing, however you look at.. Suprematist art movement Individuals Mental health of staff working in intensive care during COVID-19 prints., with the innovative vitality of futurism “ -ism ” of the Suprematist movement. Conditions of Child Abuse and Neglect paintings would be another 27 years before work... Aftermath of the Knife Grinder ( Principle of Glittering malevich, the knife grinder analysis, 1912-13 a!
malevich, the knife grinder analysis 2021